This publication is an outlook illuminating potential pathways to low-carbon shipping. Its purpose is to inform by concisely organizing current knowledge on the technologies and issues that could help to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from shipping. It is meant to serve as a comprehensive reference document and should not be seen as making recommendations or as an advisory.
Although the nearest of these issues involve choices between new fuels, energy sources and emissionsmitigation systems, this outlook is not to be seen as a forecaster, making recommendations, or a shopper’s guide for choosing equipment or technologies. It is a tool aimed at helping shipowners to understand the complexity of the task ahead and to move forward effectively as they assess their options for a transition to low-carbon operations and further to the no-carbon future of shipping.